PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN IPA BERBASIS SELF-REGULATED LEARNING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN METAKOGNITIF SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI NANGA PINOH

RINDAH PERMATASARI, MUHAMMAD AKIP

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Abstrak: Kesadaran belajar siswa Sekolah Dasar di Nanga Pinoh, Kalimantan Barat masih rendah. Hasil observasi memperlihatkan rerata tingkat keterampilan metakognisi siswa SD terletak pada level 1 atau at risk, yang berarti siswa belum mengarah pada keterampilan metakognisi (perencanaan, monitoring, dan evaluasi) dalam menyelesaikan masalah pengetahuan alam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan pembelajaran IPA berbasis self-regulated learning yang layak dan menganalisis keterampilan metakognisi siswa SD. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan mengadopsi model 4D Thiagarajan. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa SD di Kota Nanga Pinoh dengan teknik cluster sampling berjenjang. Teknik dan instrument penelitian adalah non-tes dan menggunakan angket keterampilan metakognitif. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukan perangkat pembelajaran sangat valid dengan interval skor penilaian antara 3-4 dan reliabilitas antara 95,3%-98,4%.  Keterlaksanaan pembelajaran berkategori sangat baik dengan interval skor penilaian antara 3,7-4 dengan rerata reliabilitas 96,5%. Rerata keterampilan metakognisi  pretest siswa diperoleh skor 3,28 dengan level 1 atau at risk dan meningkat menjadi 12,79 dengan level 4 atau ok pada posttest. Berdasarkan data tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran IPA berbasis Self-Regulated Learning dapat meningkatkan keterampilan metakognitif siswa Sekolah Dasar di Nanga Pinoh, Kalimantan Barat.

Kata Kunci: Pengembangan perangkat IPA, self-regulated learning, keterampilan metakognitif

 

Abstract: The awareness of student learning of elementary school in Nanga Pinoh, West Kalimantan still low. Observation results show the mean level of elementary students' metacognitive skills located at level 1 or at risk, meaning that students have not led to metacognitive skills (planning, monitoring, and evaluation) in solving natural knowledge problems. This study aims to produce appropriate science learning based on self-regulated learning and analyze the metacognitive skills of elementary students. This research is a development research that adopts thiagarajan 4D model. The population of this research was elementary students in Nanga Pinoh City with tiered cluster sampling technique. Research techniques and instruments are non-tests and use metacognitive skills questionnaires. Data were analyzed quantitatively descriptively. The results of the study showed that learning devices were very valid with a score interval between 3-4 and reliability between 95.3% -98.4%. The implementation of learning is in very good category with a score score interval between 3.7-4 with an average reliability of 96.5%. The mean of students' pretest metacognitive skills obtained a score of 3.28 with level 1 or at risk and increased to 12.79 with level 4 or ok at posttest. Based on these data it can be concluded that the science learning device based on Self-Regulated Learning can improve the metacognitive skills of elementary school students in Nanga Pinoh, West Kalimantan.

Keywords : Development of science equipment, self-regulated learning, metacognitive skills


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